JNK phosphorylation induced by phytoestrogens. Quantitative plate assays of phosphorylated JNKs 1, 2 and 3 after 15 minutes of treatment with different concentrations of estrogens: estradiol (E2), coumesterol (Cou), daidzein (Dai), genistein (Gen), and trans-resveratrol (Res). The solid horizontal line indicates the range of serum and/or urine concentrations of each phytoestrogen found in humans. * = p < 0.05 compared to vehicle treated-cells (Con).
Jeng et al. Journal of Molecular Signaling 2009 4:2 doi:10.1186/1750-2187-4-2